Herpetofauna of Europe : amphibians and reptiles of europe - photographic overview
Herpetofauna of Europe European Amphibians & Reptiles

Here is an overview of the entire European herpetofauna as seen by me. Former Soviet states excluded, as well as Asian and African islands politically belonging to European countries (cf. same area as considered by Speybroeck & Crochet (2007) and Speybroeck et al. (2010)). Taxonomy, thus species list, according to Speybroeck et al. (2020), with more recent changes incorporated.

AMPHIBIA - amphibians
Urodela - salamanders & newts
Anura – frogs & toads
REPTILIA - reptiles
Chelonii - tortoises, terrapins and turtles
Sauria - lizards
Amphisbaenia - worm lizards
Serpentes - snakes

AMPHIBIA - amphibians

Urodela - salamanders and newts


Fire Salamander - Salamandra salamandra (Piatra Neamt, Romania, May 2007)

Corsican Fire Salamander - Salamandra corsica (Corsica, France, August 2018)

Alpine Salamander - Salamandra atra (Slovenia, August 2018)

Lanza’s Alpine Salamander - Salamandra lanzai (Cottian Alps, Italy, July 2006)

Southern Spectacled Salamander - Salamandrina terdigitata (PN Pollino, Italy, March 2005)

Northern Spectacled Salamander - Salamandrina perspicillata (Liguria, Italy, November 2013)

Helversen’s or Karpathos Salamander - Lyciasalamandra helverseni (Karpathos, Greece, December 2005)

Golden-striped Salamander - Chioglossa lusitanica (Serra da Estrela, Portugal, September 2005)

Sharp-ribbed Newt - Pleurodeles waltl (Algarve, Portugal, December 2010)

Pyrenean Brook Newt - Calotriton asper (PN Ordesa, Spain, July 2004)

Montseny Brook Newt - Calotriton arnoldi (Montseny, Spain, April 2019)

Corsican Brook Newt - Euproctus montanus (Corsica, August 2018)

Sardinian Brook Newt - Euproctus platycephalus (Monte Limbara, Sardinia, May 2009)

Smooth Newt - Lissotriton vulgaris (C Italy, April 2005)

Greek Smooth Newt - Lissotriton graecus (Buljarica, Montenegro, April 2008)

Palmate Newt - Lissotriton helveticus (Dilsen-Stokkem, Belgium, March 2007)

Italian Newt - Lissotriton italicus (PN Pollino, Italy, March 2005)

Bosca's Newt - Lissotriton boscai (Asturias, Spain, April 2012)

Maltzan's Newt - Lissotriton maltzani (Algarve, Portugal, September 2010)

Montandon’s Newt - Lissotriton montandoni (Piatra Neamt, Romania, May 2007)

Alpine Newt - Ichthyosaura alpestris (Pindos mnts., Greece, May 2013)

Great Crested Newt - Triturus cristatus (Piatra Neamt, Romania, May 2007)

Italian Crested Newt - Triturus carnifex (PN Pollino, Italy, March 2005)

Macedonian Crested Newt - Triturus macedonicus (Prespa Lakes, Greece, May 2004)

Danube Crested Newt - Triturus dobrogicus (Danube delta, Romania, May 2007)

Balkan Crested Newt - Triturus ivanbureschi (Evros prefecture, Greece, May 2013)

Marbled Newt - Triturus marmoratus (Serra da Estrela, Portugal, September 2005)

Southern Marbled Newt - Triturus pygmaeus (Loja, Andalucia, April 2006)

Banded Newt - Ommatotriton ophryticus x nesterovi (NE Spain, April 2019)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species


Strinati’s Cave Salamander - Speleomantes strinatii (Liguria, Italy, July 2007)

Ambrosi’s Cave Salamander - Speleomantes ambrosii (Liguria, Italy, July 2007)

Italian Cave Salamander - Speleomantes italicus (Farindola, Italy, April 2005)

Monte Albo Cave Salamander - Speleomantes flavus (Siniscola, Sardinia, February 2009)

Sopramontane Cave Salamander - Speleomantes supramontis (Sopramonte di Oliena, Sardinia, February 2009)

Scented Cave Salamander - Speleomantes imperialis (Quirra, Sardinia, March 2009)

Sette Fratelli Cave Salamander - Speleomantes sarrabusensis (Burcei, Sardinia, March 2009)

Gené’s Cave Salamander - Speleomantes genei (Barbusi, Sardinia, February 2009)


Olm - Proteus anguinus (Slovenia, July 2010)

Anura - frogs and toads


African Clawed Toad - Xenopus laevis (Cersay, France, July 2007)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species


Common Midwife Toad - Alytes obstetricans (N Spain, April 2019)

Catalonian Midwife Toad - Alytes almogavarii (Catalonia, Spain, April 2019)

Iberian Midwife Toad - Alytes cisternasii (Andalucia, Spain, April 2006)

Southern Midwife Toad - Alytes dickhilleni (Sierra de Cazorla, Spain, April 2006)

Majorcan Midwife Toad - Alytes muletensis (Majorca, Spain, July 2005)


Painted Frog - Discoglossus pictus (NE Spain, April 2019)

Iberian Painted Frog - Discoglossus galganoi (Galicia, Spain, May 2012)

Tyrrhenian Painted Frog - Discoglossus sardus (Corsica, France, August 2018)

Corsican Painted Frog - Discoglossus montalentii (Corsica, France, August 2018)


Fire-bellied Toad - Bombina bombina (Black Sea coast, Bulgaria, May 2005)

Yellow-bellied Toad - Bombina variegata (Slovenia, April 2019)


Common Spadefoot Toad - Pelobates fuscus (NE France, April 2019)

Western Spadefoot Toad - Pelobates cultripes (N Spain, April 2019)

Balkan Spadefoot Toad - Pelobates balcanicus (Evros, Greece, May 2004)

Eastern Spadefoot Toad - Pelobates syriacus (Black Sea coast, Bulgaria, May 2005)


Parsley Frog - Pelodytes punctatus (C France, April 2019)

Portuguese Parsley Frog - Pelodytes atlanticus (S Portugal, December 2010)

Iberian Parsley Frog - Pelodytes ibericus (Càdiz, Spain, April 2006)


Common Toad - Bufo bufo (N Greece, May 2013)

Spiny Toad - Bufo spinosus (Càdiz, Spain, April 2006)

Natterjack Toad - Epidalea calamita (Belgium, April 2019)

Green Toad - Bufotes viridis (NE France, April 2019)

African Green Toad - Bufotes boulengeri (ssp. siculus, Sicily, May 2010)


Common Tree Frog - Hyla arborea (Skadar Lake, Montenegro, May 2008)

Iberian Tree Frog - Hyla molleri (Burgos province, Spain, April 2012)

Eastern Tree Frog - Hyla orientalis (Piatra Neamt, Romania, May 2007)

Italian Tree Frog - Hyla intermedia (Gallitello, Sicily, April 2005)

Tyrrhenian Tree Frog - Hyla sarda (near Lula, Sardinia, May 2009)

Stripeless Tree Frog - Hyla meridionalis (PN Aiguamolls de l'Emporda, Spain, July 2004)
possibly only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species


Common Frog - Rana temporaria (Biogradska Gora, Montenegro, May 2008

Galician Common Frog - Rana parvipalmata (Asturias, Spain, April 2019)

Pyrenean Stream Frog - Rana pyrenaica (France, August 2010)

Moor Frog - Rana arvalis (Belgium, March 2015)

Agile Frog - Rana dalmatina (Evros, Greece, May 2004)

Italian Agile Frog - Rana latastei (near Torino, Italy, July 2006)

Iberian Stream Frog - Rana iberica (Sierra de Gredos, Spain, September 2005)

Italian Stream Frog - Rana italica (Liguria, Italy, July 2007)

Balkan Stream Frog - Rana graeca (Peloponnese, October 2006)

Pool Frog - Pelophylax lessonae (Belgium, 2007)

Edible Frog - Pelophylax kl. esculentus (Lovendegem, Belgium 2007)

Marsh Frog - Pelophylax ridibundus (NE France, April 2019)

Iberian Water Frog - Pelophylax perezi (Majorca, Spain, July 2005)

Graf’s Hybrid Frog - Pelophylax kl. grafi (Lac du Salagou, France, July 2004)

Albanian Pool Frog - Pelophylax shqipericus (Sasko Jezero, Montenegro, April 2008)

Epirus Water Frog - Pelophylax epeiroticus (Kaiafa Lake, Peloponnese, October 2006)

Cretan Water Frog - Pelophylax cretensis (Kourna Lake, Crete, Greece, June 2009)

Levant Water Frog - Pelophylax bedriagae (Gozo, Malta, April 2007)

American Bull Frog - Lithobates catesbeianus (Agia dam, Crete, Greece, June 2009)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species

REPTILIA - reptiles

Chelonii - tortoises, terrapins and turtles


Hermann’s Tortoise - Testudo hermanni (Sassari, Sardinia, May 2009)

Spur-thighed Tortoise - Testudo graeca (Dobrudga, Romania, May 2007)

Marginated Tortoise - Testudo marginata (Skyros, Greece, June 2006)


European Pond Terrapin - Emys orbicularis (Corsica, France, August 2018)

Red-eared Slider - Trachemys scripta elegans (Majorca, Spain, July 2005)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species


Balkan Terrapin - Mauremys rivulata (Buljarica, Montenegro, April 2008)

Moorish Terrapin - Mauremys leprosa (Extremadura, Spain, September 2005)


Loggerhead Sea Turtle - Caretta caretta (Crete, Greece, June 2009)

Sauria - lizards


Starred Agama - Laudakia (or Stellagama) stellio (Chalkidiki, Greece, May 2004)
European populations might all result from introductions


Mediterranean Chameleon - Chamaeleo chamaeleon (Malta, April 2007)
European populations might all result from introductions

African Chameleon - Chamaeleo africanus (Peloponnese, October 2006)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species


Moorish Gecko - Tarentola mauritanica (Malta, April 2007)


Turkish Gecko - Hemidactylus turcicus (Huelva, Spain, April 2006)

Cretan Bent-toed Gecko - Mediodactylus bartoni (Crete, Greece, June 2009)

Bulgarian Bent-toed Gecko Mediodactylus danilewskii (Makri, Thrace, Greece, May 2004)

Kotschy’s Bent-toed Gecko - Mediodactylus kotschyi (Milos, Greece, May 2006)

Oertzen’s Bent-toed Gecko - Mediodactylus oertzeni (Karpathos, Greece, December 2005)


European Leaf-toed Gecko - Euleptes europaea (Corsica, France, August 2018)


Steppe Runner - Eremias arguta (Danube river delta, Romania, May 2007)

Spiny-footed Lizard - Acanthodactylus erythrurus (Huelva, Spain, April 2006)

Algerian Psammodromus - Psammodromus algirus (Extremadura, Spain, September 2005)

Spanish Psammodromus - Psammodromus hispanicus s.s. (southern Navarra province, Spain, May 2012)

seen without picture
Edwards's Psammodromus - Psammodromus edwarsianus

Western Psammodromus - Psammodromus occidentalis (Huelva, Spain, April 2006)

Snake-eyed Lacertid - Ophisops elegans (Evros, Greece, May 2004)

Dalmatian Algyroides - Algyroides nigropunctatus (Montenegro, April 2008)

Spanish Algyroides - Algyroides marchi (Sierra de Cazorla, Spain, April 2006)

Tyrrhenian Algyroides - Algyroides fitzingeri (Punta Falcone, Sardinia, February 2009)

Greek Algyroides - Algyroides moreoticus (Peloponnese, October 2006)

Ocellated Lizard - Timon lepidus (Galicia, Spain, May 2012)

seen without picture
Sierra Nevada Ocellated Lizard - Timon nevadensis

Eastern Green Lizard - Lacerta viridis (Macin hills, Romania, May 2007)

Western Green Lizard - Lacerta bilineata (S Calabria, Italy, April 2010)

Balkan Green Lizard - Lacerta trilineata (Kourna Lake, Crete, Greece, June 2009)

Anatolian Green Lizard - Lacerta diplochondrodes (Black Sea coast, Romania, May 2007)

not yet seen...
Cycladian Green Lizard - Lacerta citrovittata

Schreiber’s Green Lizard - Lacerta schreiberi (Ourense province, Spain, May 2012)

Sand Lizard - Lacerta agilis (Zminicko Jezero, Montenegro, May 2008)

Iberian Rock Lizard - Iberolacerta monticola (Spain, April 2012)

Cyren’s Rock Lizard - Iberolacerta cyreni (Sierra de Gredos, Spain, September 2005)

Peña de Francia Rock Lizard - Iberolacerta martinezricai (Sierra de Peña de Francia, Spain, September 2005)

Galan’s Rock Lizard - Iberolacerta galani (Montes de Leon, Spain, October 2006)

Pyrenean Rock Lizard - Iberolacerta bonnali (Pyrenees, France, July 2004)

Aran Rock Lizard - Iberolacerta aranica (Vall d'Aran, Spain, July 2004)

Aurelio’s Rock Lizard - Iberolacerta aurelioi (Port de Rat, France, July 2004)

Horvath’s Rock Lizard - Iberolacerta horvathi (Austria, July 2010)

Bedriaga’s Rock Lizard - Archaeolacerta bedriagae (Corsica, France, August 2018)

Sharp-snouted (Rock) Lizard - Dalmatolacerta oxycephala (Montenegro, May 2008)

Mosor Rock Lizard - Dinarolacerta mosorensis (Montenegro, May 2008)

Prokletije Rock Lizard - Dinarolacerta montenegrina (Montenegro, May 2008)

Greek Rock Lizard - Hellenolacerta graeca (Peloponnese, October 2004)

Meadow Lizard - Darevskia praticola (Evros prefecture, Greece, May 2013)

Viviparous Lizard - Zootoca vivipara (Romania, May 2007)

Carniolian Lizard - Zootoca carniolica (N Italy, July 2016)

Moroccan Rock Lizard - Scelarcis perspicillata (Minorca, Spain, July 2005)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species

Madeira Wall Lizard - Teira dugesii (Lisbon, Portugal, December 2008)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species

Common Wall Lizard - Podarcis muralis (Ada island, Montenegro, May 2008)

Iberian Wall Lizard (s.s.) - Podarcis hispanicus (s.s.) (Galera, Andalucia, April 2006)

Iberian Wall Lizard (partim) - Podarcis guadarramae (Sierra de Peña de Francia, Spain, September 2005)

Iberian Wall Lizard (partim) - Podarcis virescens (Sierra de Andujar, Spain, April 2006)

Catalonian Wall Lizard - Podarcis liolepis (Islas Columbretes, Spain, July 2007)

Vaucher’s Wall Lizard - Podarcis vaucheri (Càdiz, Andalucia, April 2006)

Bocage’s Wall Lizard - Podarcis bocagei (Galicia, Spain, May 2012)

Carbonell’s Wall Lizard - Podarcis carbonelli (Huelva, Andalucia, April 2006)

Lilford’s Wall Lizard - Podarcis lilfordi (sa Dragonera, Majorca, Spain, July 2005)

Ibiza Wall Lizard - Podarcis pityusensis (Cala Ratjada, Majorca, Spain, July 2005)

Italian Wall Lizard - Podarcis siculus (Galeria, Corsica, May 2009)

Sicilian Wall Lizard - Podarcis waglerianus (Nebrodi, Sicily, May 2010)

Aeolian Wall Lizard - Podarcis raffonei (Scoglio Faraglione, Aeolian Islands, Italy, April 2010)

Tyrrhenian Wall Lizard - Podarcis tiliguerta (Capo d'Orso, Sardinia, May 2009)

Maltese Wall Lizard - Podarcis filfolensis (Comino, Malta, May 2007)

Dalmatian Wall Lizard - Podarcis melisellensis (Montenegro, April 2008)

Ionian Wall Lizard - Podarcis ionicus (Peloponnese, Greece, May 2006)

Balkan Wall Lizard - Podarcis tauricus (Nestos river mouth, Greece, May 2004)

Peloponnese Wall Lizard - Podarcis peloponnesiacus (Peloponnese, October 2006)

Erhard’s Wall Lizard - Podarcis erhardii (Bulgaria, May 2005)

Milos Wall Lizard - Podarcis milensis (Milos, Greece, May 2013)

Skyros Wall Lizard - Podarcis gaigeae (Skyros, Greece, June 2006)

Cretan Wall Lizard - Podarcis cretensis (Crete, Greece, June 2009)

Pori Wall Lizard - Podarcis levendis (Pori/Prasonisi, Greece, May 2011)


Ocellated Skink - Chalcides ocellatus (Sicily, May 2010)

Bedriaga’s Skink - Chalcides bedriagai (Huelva, Andalucia, April 2006)

Italian Tree-toed Skink - Chalcides chalcides (Nebrodi, Sicily, May 2010)

Iberian Tree-toed Skink - Chalcides striatus (Càdiz, Andalucia, April 2006)

Snake-eyed Skink - Ablepharus kitaibelii (Evros prefecture, Greece, May 2013)

Limbless Skink - Ophiomorus punctatissimus (Peloponnese, October 2006)


Glass Lizard - Pseudopus apodus (Bulgaria, May 2005)

Slow Worm - Anguis fragilis (Vierves, Belgium, 2007)

Italian Slow Worm - Anguis veronensis (Veneto, Italy, July 2010)

Eastern Slow Worm - Anguis colchica (Brasov, Romania, May 2007)

Greek Slow Worm - Anguis graeca (N Greece, May 2013)

Peloponnese Slow Worm - Anguis cephallonica (Peloponnese, October 2004)

Amphisbaenia - worm lizards


Central Iberian Worm Lizard - Blanus rufus (Extremadura, October 2005)

Iberian Worm Lizard - Blanus cinereus (Huelva, Andalucia, April 2006)

Serpentes - snakes


Worm Snake - Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Evros, Greece, May 2004)


Sand Boa - Eryx jaculus (N Greece, May 2013)


Western Whip Snake - Hierophis viridiflavus (Nettuno, Italy, April 2005)

Balkan Whip Snake - Hierophis gemonensis (Crete, Greece, June 2009)

Horseshoe Whip Snake - Hemorrhois hippocrepis (Sierra de Andujar, Andalucia, April 2006)

Algerian Whip Snake - Hemorrhois algirus (Malta, April 2007)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species

Coin-marked Snake - Hemorrhois nummifer (Symi, Greece, October 2007)

Caspian Whip Snake - Dolichophis caspius (Black Sea coast, Bulgaria, May 2005)

Dahl’s Whip Snake - Platyceps najadum (Skadar Lake, Montenegro, April 2008)

Reddish Whip Snake - Platyceps collaris (Black Sea coast, Bulgaria, May 2005)

(Masked) Dwarf Snake - Eirenis modestus (Samos, Greece, October 2009)
presence of this species within Europe requires confirmation

Four-lined Snake - Elaphe quatuorlineata (Montenegro, April 2008)

Blotched Snake - Elaphe sauromates (Thrace, Greece, May 2004)

Aesculapian Snake - Zamenis longissimus (Evros, Greece, May 2004)

Italian Aesculapian Snake - Zamenis lineatus (Nebrodi, Sicily, April 2010)

Leopard Snake - Zamenis situla (Kresna, Bulgaria, May 2005)

Ladder Snake - Zamenis scalaris (Andalucia, April 2006)

Smooth Snake - Coronella austriaca (Evros, Greece, May 2004)

Southern Smooth Snake - Coronella girondica (Andalucia, April 2006)

Iberian False Smooth Snake - Macroprotodon brevis (Andalucia, April 2006)

Algerian False Smooth Snake - Macroprotodon cucullatus (Menorca, October 2010)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species

Cat Snake - Telescopus fallax (Skyros, Greece, June 2006)


Grass Snake - Natrix natrix (Milos, Greece, April 2013)

Barred Grass Snake - Natrix helvetica (Corsica, France, April 2011)

Iberian Grass Snake - Natrix astreptophora (Extremadura, Spain, October 2005)

Viperine Snake - Natrix maura (C France, April 2019)

Dice Snake - Natrix tessellata (Germany, April 2019)


Western Montpellier Snake - Malpolon monspessulanus (Murcia, Spain, April 2006)

Eastern Montpellier Snake - Malpolon insignitus (Skadar lake, Montenegro, April 2008)


Adder - Vipera berus (Rommedenne, Belgium 2007)

Seoane’s Viper - Vipera seoanei (France, May 2012)

Meadow Viper - Vipera ursinii (Danube River Delta, Romania, May 2007)

Greek Meadow Viper - Vipera graeca (Pindos, Greece, May 2004)

Asp Viper - Vipera aspis (Spain, April 2012)

Nose-horned Viper - Vipera ammodytes (Dobrudga, Romania, May 2007)

Lataste’s Viper - Vipera latastei (Doñana, Huelva, Spain, April 2006)

Ottoman Viper - Montivipera xanthina (Evros, Greece, May 2004)

Blunt-nosed Viper - Macrovipera lebetinus - ssp. schweizeri, Milos Viper (Milos, Greece, April 2013)

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Last update: April 17, 2020 14:48:05